Gum Disease Treatment

Periodontal or gum disease is caused by bacterial deposits under the gum and your body’s inflammatory or immune response to these bacterial deposits.

This disease, if left untreated results in loss of gum tissue, bone and the periodontal ligaments that hold the roots in the bone. Many factors play a role in how the bacteria under the gum and your immune response interact, such as smoking, diabetes, hormonal changes during pregnancy and the menopause to name but a few.

Bacteria reside in the plaque which is the soft white sticky deposits on your teeth. When the gums become irritated and inflamed by this plaque they swell and cover the bacteria. This makes it difficult for you to remove the bacteria without professional cleaning.

Anyone at any age can be susceptible to gum disease. If left untreated your teeth will become loose and eventually fall out as the bone dissolves away from around your teeth.

Gum diseases are classified according to severity. The two major stages are gingivitis and periodontitis.


Gingivitis is a milder and reversible form of gum disease which only affects the gums. Gingivitis may lead to more serious destructive forms of gum disease called periodontitis.


Periodontitis is a more severe form of gum disease. In periodontitis, the inflammation that affects the gums also affects the tissue that connects the tooth to the tooth socket (called the periodontal ligament) and the bone in the jaw that contains the sockets of the teeth, called the alveolar bone.

Periodontitis can cause gingival recession and increased tooth mobility as gum tissue, bone and periodontal ligament are broken down. In some cases teeth get so loose they either fall out or require extraction.

Mount Oval Dental Practice is built on an ethos of preventive dental health. It is our aim to ensure patients have as healthy a mouth as possible and in our dream world none of our patients would have gum disease. This is reliant on regular appointments with the dentist and hygienist and a lifestyle which includes healthy eating and regular brushing/flossing of your teeth.

Should specialist treatment be necessary you will not need to be referred to another practice as Dr Mary O’Dea, principal and owner of Mount Oval Dental Practice is both a widely qualified and widely respected Specialist Periodontist.

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